Date of birth : c 1925
Language : Liyagalawumirr
Clan : Galwanuk
Social Affiliations : Dhuwa moiety, Gamarrang subsection
Gudthaykudthay was born in the bush at Mulgurrum, about 10 kms from Ramingining. He was initiated at Gatji in about 1949. Over the years he has worked as a stockman, done fencing work and shot crocodiles for their skins which he sold at Milingimbi Mission. He started painting at Nangalala Mission on the Glyde River in the 1960s under the tuition of his half brother, Mirritja.
All Aboriginal artists in this area can paint different perspectives of their religious beliefs. These views are increasingly being influenced by European response. Gudthaykudthay has nearly always preferred to paint these visions in an abstract style although he has never received any encouragement to do so, and has more often been actively discouraged. His first recorded group exhibition was in 1979. It was called Traditions and Innovations and was held at the Legislative Assembly in Darwin. Little documentation of this exhibition remains as the township of Ramingining had only been established for a couple of years then. Ramingining had an Art Centre from the outset, established by Peter Yates, but time and white-ants have since gotten the better of its records.
In 1983 Philip Gudthaykudthay had a solo exhibition in Sydney, at the Garry Anderson Gallery. The show consisted of bark paintings, mostly of moderate size, featuring Gudthaykudthay's minytji, or clan patterns. Many of these barks also had a badurru, hollow log, as their central motif.
An innovative approach to exhibiting Aboriginal Art, most of the works were simply labelled Landscape 1, Landscape 2, and so on, with none of the ethnographic details which so often accompanied, (and still does today), exhibitions.
From this exhibition of a dozen or so works, the National Gallery of Australia acquired two bark paintings depicting abstracted forms of the artist's country at Gunyungmirringa. The show was a sell out and much of the viewing public commented on the beauty of the works. Since that time, Gudthaykudthay has had a number of solo shows.
Gudthaykudthay played the Sorcerer in the film Ten Canoes.
1983, Garry Anderson Gallery, Sydney.
1991, Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery, Sydney
1995, Aboriginal & South Pacific Gallery, Surry Hills, Sydney
2002, Philip Gudthaykudthay: Wititj & Wagilag Man, Karen Brown Gallery, Darwin
2003, My Art, My Country, Aboriginal & Pacific Art Gallery, Sydney
2006, Pussycat:The Sorcerer, Aboriginal & Pacific Art Gallery, Sydney
Select Group Exhibitions:
1979, Traditions and Innovations, Legislative Assembly, Darwin
1984, Objects & Representations from Ramingining, Power Institute [now MCA], Sydney
1988, Biennale of Sydney, Aboriginal Memorial, Pier One, Sydney
1989, Aboriginal Art: The Continuing Tradition, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
1989, Recent Works from Ramingining and Maningrida, Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery, Paddington, NSW
1989, Masterpiece Fine Art Gallery, Hobart
1990, Ramingining Art, Birukmarri Gallery, Fremantle
1991, The Eighth National Aboriginal Art Award Exhibition, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
1991, Ramingining, Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery, Sydney
1992, Paintings and Sculptures from Ramingining, Jimmy Wululu & Phillip Gudthaykudthay, Drill Hall Gallery, ANU, Canberra
1992/3, New Tracks Old Land: An Exhibition of Contemporary Prints from Aboriginal Australia, touring USA and Australia
1993, Dimensions: Jimmy Wululu/Phillip Gudthaykudthay, Freemantle Arts Centre, Fremantle
1993, The Tenth National Aboriginal Art Award Exhibition, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
1993, Prints by Ramingining Artists, Hogarth Galleries, Sydney, NSW
1993/4, ARATJARA, Art of the First Australians, Touring: Kunstammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf; Hayward Gallery, London; Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
1994, Canvassing, 24 Hour Art, Darwin, NT
1994, Maningrida Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney.
1994, Power of the Land, Masterpieces of Aboriginal Art, National Gallery of Victoria.
1994, Yiribana, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.
1994, Art of the Rainbow Snake, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.
1995, Australian Art 1940-1990, Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, Japan
1996, Bula’bula Arts, Ramingining, Anima Gallery, Adelaide
1996, Islands: Contemporary Installations, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
1997, The Painters of the Wagilag Sisters Story 1937-1997, National Gallery, Canberra
1998, Dreamings, Vlaams-Europeesch Conferentiecentrum, Brussels, Belgium
1998, Dreamings, Spazio Pitti Arte, Florence, Italy
1998, A Material Thing - Objects from the Collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales
1999, The Sixteenth National Aboriginal Art Award Exhibition, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
1999, Le Memorial un chef-d'oeuvre d'art aborigine, Olympic Museum, Lausanne, Switzerland; State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid
2000, The Bridge: Construction in Process VI, various sites, Melbourne.
2002, A Taste of Aboriginal Art, Robert Steele Gallery, New York, USA
2000, Aboriginal Art in Modern Worlds, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
2000, Yolngu Science: Objects and Representations from Ramingining, MCA, Sydney
2001, Outside in: Research Engagements with Arnhem Land Art, ANU, Drill Hall Gallery, Canberra
2001, The Native Born: Objects and Representations from Ramingining, Sprengel Museum, Hannover
2001, The 18th NATSIA Award, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
2002, Ramingining, Arte aborigen australiano de la Tierra de Arnhem, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid
2002, The Native Born: Objects and Representations from Ramingining, Palacio de Velazquez, Parque del Retiro, Madrid
2003, Out of the Dilly Bag, Bright!, St Kilda, Victoria
2003, Resonance: Recent works from Ramingining, Hill-Smith Fine Art Gallery, Adelaide
2003, Sydney Aboriginal & Oceanic Art Fair, Circular Quay, Sydney
2003, The 20th NATSIAA Award, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
2003, Spirit Country. Contemporary Australian Aboriginal Art, Art Front Gallery, Tokyo
2003, Animals & Spirits, Alison Kelly Gallery, Melbourne, Victoria
2003, The Native Born: Contemporary Aboriginal Art from Ramingining, Australia, Asia Society Museum, New York, USA
2003, The Native Born: Contemporary Aboriginal Art from Ramingining, Australia, Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) Taipei, Taiwan
2004, Artists from Ramingining, Framed Gallery, Darwin
2004, Telstra National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Award: Celebrating 20 Years, National Archives, Canberra (and touring)
2004, Dupun, Djalumbu, Badurru-Hollow Logs from Ramingining, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne
2004, Blak Insights, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
2004, Ramingining Rom: Paintings and Objects from Bulabula Arts Aboriginal Corporation, Central Arnhem Land, Fremantle Arts Centre, Western Australia
2004, Bulabula Artists Mala, Bandigan Arts, Sydney
2005, My Country, The Red Room, Adelaide
2005, From Our Place to Yours, Hill-Smith Fine Art Gallery, Adelaide
2005, The Shell Collection: New Paintings from the National Gallery of Victoria (touring)
2005, Pussycat & Friends, William Mora Galleries, Melbourne
2005, Yaku Yindi: Big Names from Ramingining, Hogarth Galleries, Sydney
2005, Pandanus to Paper, Northern Editions, Charles Darwin University, Darwin
2006, 13 Canoes, (an Adelaide Fringe event), South Australian Museum, Adelaide
2006, Recently Ramingining, Hogarth Galleries, Sydney
2006, National Works on Paper Award, Mornington Peninsula Regional Gallery, Mornington, Victoria
2006, Cross-section: A collection of prints from the stock room, Northern Editions, Charles Darwin University, Darwin
2006, Australian Aboriginal Art, Robert Steele Gallery, New York, USA
2006, Our Home: Charles Darwin University Art Collection recent acquisitions, Charles Darwin University, Darwin
2007, Bark Paintings from Bula'bula Arts, Ramingining, Hogarth Galleries, Sydney
2007, New Selection of Aboriginal Paintings, Isarte Gallery, Antiquaria (Milanese Art fair), Milan, Italy
2007, Power & Beauty: Indigenous Art Now, Heide Museum of Modern Art, Victoria
2007, Culture Warriors, National Indigenous Art Triennial, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.
Aboriginal Art Museum, The Netherlands
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.
Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide
British Museum, Department of Africa, Oceania and the Americas, London, UK
Charles Darwin University, Darwin
Flinders University Art Museum, Adelaide
Ganter Myer Collection
Kluge-Rhue Collection, University of Virginia, USA
Linden Museum, Stuttgart, Germany
Milingimbi Collection, MECA, Milingimbi Educational and Cultural Association
Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
Museum of Contemporary Art, Ramingining Collection, Sydney
Museum of Mankind, British Museum, London
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Parliament House Art Collection, Canberra
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, USA
Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
Queensland University of Technology Art Museum, Brisbane
University of Queensland, Anthropology Museum, St Lucia.
University of Technology, Sydney.
Caruana, W., 1987, Australian Aboriginal Art, a Souvenir Book of Aboriginal Art in the Australian National Gallery, Australian National Gallery, Parkes, Australian Capital Territory.
Caruana, W. (ed.), 1989, Windows on the Dreaming, Ellsyd Press, Sydney.
Caruana, Wally and Lendon Nigel, 1997, The Painters of the Wagilag Sisters Story 1937-1997, National Gallery of Australia.
Douglas, M. and Oldmeadow, D., 1972, Across the Top, Rigby Ltd, Adelaide.
1993, Aratjara, Art of the First Australians: Traditional and Contemporary Works by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Artists, exhib. cat. (conceived and designed by Bernard Luthi in collaboration with Gary Lee), Dumont, Buchverlag, Koln.
Isaacs, Jennifer, 1999, Spirit Country: Contemporary Australian Aboriginal Art, Hardie Grant Books, Australia.
Kleinert, Sylvia & Neale, Margo, 2000, The Oxford Companion to Aboriginal Art and Culture, Oxford University Press, Australia
Lendon, Nigel, 2001, Beyond Translation: Learning to look at Central Arnhem Land paintings, in Outside In: Research engagements with Arnhem Land Art, exhib. cat. Drill Hall Gallery, Australian National University, Canberra.
Mundine, Djon, 1992, Philip Gudthaykudthay: Aspects of his World, in Painting and Sculpture from Ramingining: Jimmy Wululu and Philip Gudthaykudthay, exhib.cat. Drill Hall Gallery, Australian National University, Canberra.
Mundine, Djon, 2001, The Native Born: Objects and Representations from Ramingining, Arnhem Land, MCA & Bula’bula Arts
Neale, M., 1994, Yiribana, exhib. cat., Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.
Perkins H. 'Beyond the Year of Indigenous Peoples' in Art and Australia 1993 Vol. 31 No 1 p 98-101.
Tweedie, P., 1985, This My Country, A View of Arnhem Land, William Collins Pty Ltd, Sydney.
Watson, Ken, 2004, Philip Gudthaykudthay, in Tradition Today: Indigenous Art in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, AGNSW, Sydney p 52
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